LogSegment — Record Segment Of Partition Log

LogSegment is a segment of records of a log of a partition.

Tip
Use DumpLogSegments tool to review the content of (the underlying files of) a log segment.

LogSegment is composed of two main file types, e.g. the log file itself (with records) and index files.

Note
When Log is created (and requested to loadSegmentFiles) orphaned index files are removed.

The files are all in the same directory (as specified when opening a segment).

$ tree /tmp/kafka-logs/t1-1/
/tmp/kafka-logs/t1-1/
├── 00000000000000000000.index
├── 00000000000000000000.log
├── 00000000000000000000.timeindex
└── leader-epoch-checkpoint

LogSegment is created (indirectly using LogSegment.open utility) when:

Example
// One of log.dirs directories
import java.nio.file.Path
val dir = Path.of("/tmp/logsegment")
import java.nio.file.Files
Files.createDirectories(dir)
import kafka.log.{LogConfig, LogSegment}
import org.apache.kafka.common.utils.Time
val config = LogConfig()
val segment = LogSegment.open(dir.toFile, baseOffset = 0, config, time = Time.SYSTEM)
scala> println(segment)
LogSegment(baseOffset=0, size=0, lastModifiedTime=1576677605692, largestTime=0)

LogSegment uses the following configuration properties (while opening a log segment):

Creating LogSegment Instance

LogSegment takes the following to be created:

LogSegment initializes the internal properties.

Opening Log Segment — open Utility

open(
  dir: File,
  baseOffset: Long,
  config: LogConfig,
  time: Time,
  fileAlreadyExists: Boolean = false,
  initFileSize: Int = 0,
  preallocate: Boolean = false,
  fileSuffix: String = ""): LogSegment

open uses the following configuration properties (of the given LogConfig):

open creates a new LogSegment with the following files in the given dir directory:

Note

open is used when:

LogSegment and TransactionIndex

txnIndex: TransactionIndex

When created, LogSegment is given a TransactionIndex.

LogSegment uses the TransactionIndex for the following:

txnIndex is also used when Cleaner is requested to clean a log (and in turn cleanSegments)

TransactionIndex is closed when LogSegment is requested to close and closeHandlers.

TransactionIndex is deleted (if exists) when LogSegment is requested to deleteIfExists.

LogSegment and OffsetIndex

offsetIndex: OffsetIndex

When created, LogSegment is given an OffsetIndex with deferred loading (LazyIndex[OffsetIndex]).

offsetIndex simply gets (unwraps) the OffsetIndex.

offsetIndex is used for the following…​FIXME

collectAbortedTxns Method

collectAbortedTxns(
  fetchOffset: Long,
  upperBoundOffset: Long): TxnIndexSearchResult

collectAbortedTxns…​FIXME

Note
collectAbortedTxns is used when Log is requested to collectAbortedTransactions.

Closing — close Method

close(): Unit

close…​FIXME

Note
close is used when Log is requested to load segments, close, and [kafka-log-Log#splitOverflowedSegment splitOverflowedSegment].

closeHandlers Method

closeHandlers(): Unit

closeHandlers…​FIXME

Note
closeHandlers is used when Log is requested to closeHandlers.

Recovering — recover Method

recover(
  producerStateManager: ProducerStateManager,
  leaderEpochCache: Option[LeaderEpochFileCache] = None): Int

recover requests the OffsetIndex, the TimeIndex, and the TransactionIndex to reset.

Note
recover is used when Log is requested to recover a log segment.

updateProducerState Internal Method

updateProducerState(
  producerStateManager: ProducerStateManager,
  batch: RecordBatch): Unit

updateProducerState…​FIXME

Note
updateProducerState is used when LogSegment is requested to recover.

sanityCheck Method

sanityCheck(
  timeIndexFileNewlyCreated: Boolean): Unit

sanityCheck…​FIXME

Note
sanityCheck is used exclusively when Log is requested to loadSegments (when created).

updateDir Method

updateDir(
  dir: File): Unit

updateDir…​FIXME

Note
updateDir is used exclusively when Log is requested to renameDir.

changeFileSuffixes Method

changeFileSuffixes(
  oldSuffix: String,
  newSuffix: String): Unit

changeFileSuffixes…​FIXME

Note
changeFileSuffixes is used when Log is requested to asyncDeleteSegment and replaceSegments.

flush Method

flush(): Unit

flush…​FIXME

Note

flush is used when:

deleteIfExists Method

deleteIfExists(): Unit

deleteIfExists…​FIXME

Note
deleteIfExists is used when…​FIXME

deleteIfExists Utility

deleteIfExists(
  dir: File,
  baseOffset: Long,
  fileSuffix: String = ""): Unit

deleteIfExists…​FIXME

Note
deleteIfExists is used when…​FIXME

resizeIndexes Method

resizeIndexes(
  size: Int): Unit

resizeIndexes…​FIXME

Note
resizeIndexes is used when…​FIXME

largestTimestamp Method

largestTimestamp: Long

largestTimestamp…​FIXME

Note
largestTimestamp is used when…​FIXME

shouldRoll Method

shouldRoll(
  rollParams: RollParams): Boolean

shouldRoll…​FIXME

Note
shouldRoll is used exclusively when Log is requested to maybeRoll (while appending records).

timeWaitedForRoll Method

timeWaitedForRoll(
  now: Long,
  messageTimestamp: Long) : Long

timeWaitedForRoll…​FIXME

Note
timeWaitedForRoll is used exclusively when LogSegment is requested to shouldRoll.

append Method

append(
  largestOffset: Long,
  largestTimestamp: Long,
  shallowOffsetOfMaxTimestamp: Long,
  records: MemoryRecords): Unit

append…​FIXME

Note

append is used exclusively when:

appendFromFile Method

appendFromFile(
  records: FileRecords,
  start: Int): Int

appendFromFile…​FIXME

Note
appendFromFile is used exclusively when Log is requested to splitOverflowedSegment.

appendChunkFromFile Internal Method

appendChunkFromFile(
  records: FileRecords,
  position: Int,
  bufferSupplier: BufferSupplier): Int

appendChunkFromFile…​FIXME

Note
appendChunkFromFile is used when LogSegment is requested to appendFromFile.

Truncating To Offset — truncateTo Method

truncateTo(
  offset: Long): Int

truncateTo…​FIXME

Note
truncateTo is used when Log is created (and in turn recoverLog) and truncateTo.

updateTxnIndex Method

updateTxnIndex(
  completedTxn: CompletedTxn,
  lastStableOffset: Long): Unit

updateTxnIndex…​FIXME

Note

updateTxnIndex is used when:

Internal Properties

Name Description

created

Time(stamp) when this LogSegment was created or truncated completely (to 0)

Used exclusively when LogSegment is requested for the time it has waited to be rolled

bytesSinceLastIndexEntry

Used when…​FIXME

rollingBasedTimestamp

Used when…​FIXME

_maxTimestampSoFar

Used when…​FIXME

_offsetOfMaxTimestampSoFar

Used when…​FIXME

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