Hive Integration

Spark SQL supports Apache Hive using HiveContext. It uses the Spark SQL execution engine to work with data stored in Hive.


Apache Hive supports analysis of large datasets stored in Hadoop’s HDFS and compatible file systems such as Amazon S3 filesystem.

It provides an SQL-like language called HiveQL with schema on read and transparently converts queries to Hadoop MapReduce, Apache Tez and Apache Spark jobs.

All three execution engines can run in Hadoop YARN.

HiveContext is a specialized SQLContext to work with Hive.

There is also a dedicated tool spark-sql that…​FIXME

Import org.apache.spark.sql.hive package to use HiveContext.

Enable DEBUG logging level for HiveContext to see what happens inside.

Add the following line to conf/

Refer to Logging.

Hive Functions

SQLContext.sql (or simply sql) allows you to interact with Hive.

You can use show functions to learn about the Hive functions supported through the Hive integration.

scala> sql("show functions").show(false)
16/04/10 15:22:08 INFO HiveSqlParser: Parsing command: show functions
|function             |
|!                    |
|%                    |
|&                    |
|*                    |
|+                    |
|-                    |
|/                    |
|<                    |
|<=                   |
|<=>                  |
|=                    |
|==                   |
|>                    |
|>=                   |
|^                    |
|abs                  |
|acos                 |
|add_months           |
|and                  |
only showing top 20 rows

Hive Configuration - hive-site.xml

The configuration for Hive is in hive-site.xml on the classpath.

The default configuration uses Hive 1.2.1 with the default warehouse in /user/hive/warehouse.

16/04/09 13:37:54 INFO HiveContext: Initializing execution hive, version 1.2.1
16/04/09 13:37:58 WARN ObjectStore: Version information not found in metastore. hive.metastore.schema.verification is not enabled so recording the schema version 1.2.0
16/04/09 13:37:58 WARN ObjectStore: Failed to get database default, returning NoSuchObjectException
16/04/09 13:37:58 INFO HiveContext: default warehouse location is /user/hive/warehouse
16/04/09 13:37:58 INFO HiveContext: Initializing HiveMetastoreConnection version 1.2.1 using Spark classes.
16/04/09 13:38:01 DEBUG HiveContext: create HiveContext

current_database function

current_database function returns the current database of Hive metadata.

scala> sql("select current_database()").show(false)
16/04/09 13:52:13 INFO HiveSqlParser: Parsing command: select current_database()
|default          |

current_database function is registered when HiveContext is initialized.

Internally, it uses private CurrentDatabase class that uses HiveContext.sessionState.catalog.getCurrentDatabase.

Analyzing Tables

analyze(tableName: String)

analyze analyzes tableName table for query optimizations. It currently supports only Hive tables.

scala> sql("show tables").show(false)
16/04/09 14:04:10 INFO HiveSqlParser: Parsing command: show tables
|dafa     |false      |

scala> spark.asInstanceOf[HiveContext].analyze("dafa")
16/04/09 14:02:56 INFO HiveSqlParser: Parsing command: dafa
java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException: Analyze only works for Hive tables, but dafa is a LogicalRelation
  at org.apache.spark.sql.hive.HiveContext.analyze(HiveContext.scala:304)
  ... 50 elided

Experimental: Metastore Tables with non-Hive SerDe

FIXME Review the uses of convertMetastoreParquet, convertMetastoreParquetWithSchemaMerging, convertMetastoreOrc, convertCTAS.


  • spark.sql.hive.metastore.version (default: 1.2.1) - the version of the Hive metastore. Supported versions from 0.12.0 up to and including 1.2.1.

  • spark.sql.hive.version (default: 1.2.1) - the version of Hive used by Spark SQL.

FIXME Review HiveContext object.

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